If patches or spots of your skin appear a bit darker than others, there’s a good chance it’s hyperpigmentation. Pigmentation is a genetic cell mutation caused by hormonal changes or some sort of injury (e.g., sun damage, acne, post pregnancy, menopause).
Darker areas of hyperpigmentation are excess deposits of melanin, which is over production of normal pigment. It’s very common, and those darker spots are harmless, but many people have cosmetic concerns about how they look, which is why they come to people like Redeem Medispa for professional help.
There are 3 main types of hyperpigmentation:
Age Spots: These are the common spots of brown, black, or tan skin that older people often develop over time on their hands, face, and head, especially. Age spots are typically caused by excess sun exposure over a person’s lifetime, and lighter-skinned people tend to be more affected.
Melasma: These are the larger patches of darkened skin; looks like coffee stain on the skin, that often appear on women’s faces and stomachs during pregnancy because of hormonal changes. However, it’s not only pregnant women who experience melasma. It can affect anyone at different stages of life but is more common in women.
Inflammation: Inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which is caused by the autoimmune reactions people have due to certain skin conditions like acne and eczema. It can also be caused by skin injury. These hyperpigmentation markings most often appear on the face and neck.
Hyperpigmentation may look different depending on the tone of your skin, but it’s a universal experience that affects people of all skin colors and origins.
At Redeem Medispa an initial skin assessment will be performed to determine the best course of treatment for your pigment treatment. Usually a combination of treatments will be required. At Redeem Medispa different treatments are used to combat pigmentation problems. Ranging from IPL photo facial, Fractional, Microneedling, PRP, Microdermabrasion, Chemical Peels etc. The most popular of the therapies are IPL Photo facial.
The IPL is one of the best treatments for fading away excess brown pigment (freckles, sun/age spots, melasma) The IPL targets the cells that contain the excess pigment and then causes the pigment to rise to the surface of the skin where it sloughs off. Because excess pigment is deposited at various levels/layers of the skin, it takes a series of treatments to reach the deeper layers of pigment and to obtain optimal results. The skin tone of your skin will also determine the treatment choice. Therefore, it is very important to first have an assessment with an experienced establishment, as some laser treatments are not suitable for darker skin tones. This will be discussed in your skin assessment at Redeem Medispa.
The sensation of the IPL is a mild stinging sensation. A bright light will be evident even though your eyes are completely protected with IPL eye shields. Anesthetics are typically not required. Afterwards, there can be a mild “sunburn” sensation that usually goes away after 1-2 days.
The most common (and expected) side effect is a darkening of the more superficial brown spots of the areas being treating. This darkening of superficial brown spots will flake off after about 7-14 days. To help to slough off the pigment, microdermabrasion will be performed approximately 1-2 weeks following the IPL treatment, leaving a clearer brighter skin complexion.
The cost is based on the size of the area being treated and the number of treatments needed to address the specific problem. If treating brown spots or melasma, most people will need a series of treatments for ideal results. Treatments are done every 3 – 4 weeks. Individual quotes for cost and number of treatments needed to treat your unique situation will be provided at the time of your consultation, after we have had an opportunity to do a complete assessment of your skin.
There is minimal downtime with IPL treatments. Darkened brown spots or discoloration can be covered with make-up if desired. To avoid complications and obtain the best possible outcome, we require that you do not tan or use spray tan/self tanner 2 weeks before your treatment. Also, it is recommended that you avoid direct sun exposure for 48 hours before or after your treatment.
With proper skin care and sun protection following IPL treatments, results can last for years
I hope this helps you understand hyperpigmentation and how to best treat it! For further information for your specific pigmentation needs come in for a free skin assessment. Where our knowledgable staff can devise a customized treatment plan.